Princeton University Library Catalog

Blocks and chains : introduction to Bitcoin, cryptocurrencies, and their consensus mechanisms / Aljosha Judmayer, Nicholas Stifter, Katharina Krombholz, and Edgar Weippl.

Author:
Judmayer, Aljosha [Browse]
Format:
Book
Language:
English
Published/​Created:
[San Rafael, California] : Morgan & Claypool, 2017.
Description:
1 online resource (xiii, 109 pages) : illustrations.
Series:
  • Synthesis digital library of engineering and computer science. [More in this series]
  • Synthesis lectures on information security, privacy, and trust ; # 20. [More in this series]
  • Synthesis lectures on information security, privacy, and trust, 1945-9750 ; # 20
Summary note:
The new field of cryptographic currencies and consensus ledgers, commonly referred to as blockchains, is receiving increasing interest from various different communities. These communities are very diverse and amongst others include: technical enthusiasts, activist groups, researchers from various disciplines, start-ups, large enterprises, public authorities, banks, financial regulators, business men, investors, and also criminals. The scientific community adapted relatively slowly to this emerging and fast-moving field of cryptographic currencies and consensus ledgers. This was one reason that, for quite a while, the only resources available have been the Bitcoin source code, blog and forum posts, mailing lists, and other online publications. Also the original Bitcoin paper which initiated the hype was published online without any prior peer review. Following the original publication spirit of the Bitcoin paper, a lot of innovation in this field has repeatedly come from the community itself in the form of online publications and online conversations instead of established peer-reviewed scientific publishing. On the one side, this spirit of fast free software development, combined with the business aspects of cryptographic currencies, as well as the interests of today's time-to-market focused industry, produced a flood of publications, whitepapers, and prototypes. On the other side, this has led to deficits in systematization and a gap between practice and the theoretical understanding of this new field. This book aims to further close this gap and presents a well-structured overview of this broad field from a technical viewpoint. The archetype for modern cryptographic currencies and consensus ledgers is Bitcoin and its underlying Nakamoto consensus. Therefore we describe the inner workings of this protocol in great detail and discuss its relations to other derived systems.
Notes:
Part of: Synthesis digital library of engineering and computer science.
Bibliographic references:
Includes bibliographical references (pages 97-108).
Source of description:
Title from PDF title page (viewed on June 26, 2017).
Contents:
  • 1. Introduction -- 1.1 Aspects of cryptocurrencies -- 1.2 Cryptocurrency community -- 1.3 From cryptocurrency to blockchain -- 1.4 The analog stone-block-chain -- 1.4.1 Security model of the stone-block-chain -- 1.5 Structure of this book --
  • 2. Background -- 2.1 Cryptographic primitives -- 2.1.1 Cryptographic hash functions -- 2.1.2 Asymmetric cryptography -- 2.2 Notation, symbols, and definitions --
  • 3. History of cryptographic currencies -- 3.1 Before Bitcoin -- 3.1.1 The early beginnings of digital cash -- 3.1.2 The cypherpunk movement -- 3.1.3 The rise of cryptocurrencies -- 3.2 Bitcoin --
  • 4. Bitcoin -- 4.1 Bitcoin at a glance -- 4.1.1 Components of cryptocurrency technologies -- 4.2 Core data structures and concepts -- 4.2.1 Block -- 4.2.2 Blockchain -- 4.2.3 Address -- 4.2.4 Transaction -- 4.3 Consensus management -- 4.3.1 The idea of proof-of-work (PoW ) -- 4.3.2 Proof-of-work in general -- 4.3.3 Proof-of-work in Bitcoin -- 4.3.4 Mining -- 4.3.5 Blockchain forks -- 4.3.6 Double spending -- 4.3.7 Double spending success probability -- 4.4 Network and communication management -- 4.4.1 Seeding and connecting -- 4.4.2 Network structure and overlay networks -- 4.5 Digital asset management -- 4.6 Altcoins -- 4.6.1 Namecoin and merged mining -- 4.6.2 Other examples --
  • 5. Coin management tools -- 5.1 History and categorization of CMTs -- 5.2 Metaphors -- 5.3 Usability -- 5.3.1 Bitcoin management strategies and tools -- 5.3.2 Anonymity -- 5.3.3 Perceptions of usability -- 5.4 User experiences with security -- 5.5 Cryptocurrency usage scenarios --
  • 6. Nakamoto consensus -- 6.1 The problem Bitcoin strives to solve -- 6.1.1 Trusted third parties -- 6.1.2 Placing trust in a distributed system -- 6.1.3 Decentralizing trust -- 6.2 Consensus and fault tolerance in distributed systems -- 6.2.1 Consensus -- 6.2.2 System models and their impact -- 6.2.3 Byzantine fault tolerance -- 6.2.4 Randomized consensus protocols -- 6.3 A closer look at Nakamoto consensus -- 6.3.1 Defining Nakamoto consensus --
  • 7. Conclusion and open challenges -- 7.1 Conclusion -- A. Glossary -- Bibliography -- Authors' biographies.
Indexed in:
  • Compendex
  • INSPEC
  • Google scholar
  • Google book search
Subject(s):
Form/​Genre:
Electronic books.
ISBN:
  • 9781627057134 ebook
  • print
Doi:
  • 10.2200/S00773ED1V01Y201704SPT020
Author:
Other views:
Online